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导读: Environment教案篇一unit7topic11 重点词汇及短语:successful,imagine,soup,biscuit,pancake,cheese,pie,western,india



Environment教案 篇一

unit7     topic  1


indian,russian,supply,know about,make money,make a poster,chat with,

on the internet,try one’s best,prepare for,think about,have a sweet tooth,later on,

in order to,get  all  wet,be pleased with,make an invitation

2.语法:    (1)学习宾语从句(that的用法)。  (2)掌握征求对方意见或提建议的句型。

3.重点句型及交际用语:   (1)i will turn to our teachers for help.

(2)i’ll chat with daniel on the internet to get more information about him.

(3)let’s try our best to make it successful.

(4)can you imagine what the food festival will be like?

(5)i"m thinking about that.

(6) i have a sweet tooth and i thank a lot of students would buy western food, such as …

(7)what’ s more , i’m sure that selling friend rice and dumplings will make a lot of money.

(8) that’ s good enough .

(9) i believe we’ ll make a lot of money for daniel igali

(10) –thank you very much .  –it’ s a pleasure.

(11) may i invite you to our food festival?

(12)it’s a great pity,but never mind.

(13)will you please tell me something about yourself,…?

(14)i"ll send you an e-mail later on.(15)we hope they will be successful.

(16)extension six zero zero six,please.(17)hold the line,please.

(18)i"m pleased to hear that you are trying to help others.

(19)keep up the good work.

(20)our students will sell many delicious international foods in order to raise

money for a village school in nigeria.

(21)i"m very pleased with what you are going to do for us.


1、know about   了解、知道、的情况;

know much/ a lot about sb / sth;

know of 听说过;知道

2、have a food festival = hold a food festival 举办美食节。

3、make money  赚钱

4、shall i / we ……  我、,好吗?

may i 。。。。。。  我可以、吗 ?

will you 。。。。。。   请你、好吗?

注意:will  y《小编·》ou  not、  而不是  will  you  don’t 、

would like to do  sth  想要做某事

5、turn to sb for help = ask sb for help  向某人求助

it’s one’s turn to do sth.  轮到某人做某事

6、chat  with sb  和某人聊天     chat  about  sb/ sth  闲谈某人或某事

7、on the internet  上网    on  the  line  上线  on  the radio 在使用收音机

8、get sth about sb  获得关于某人的信息

9、try one’s best  = do one’ s best  尽最大努力

we must try our best to study english well. 我们必须尽最大努力学好英语。

10、successful 成功的   successfully 成功地

succeed 成功      success  成功

11、it is + 形容词 + for sb to do sth  做某事是很、

12、have a sweet tooth =like eating sweet food 喜欢吃甜食

13、west   西方      western  西方的;西部的;

north 北方    northern  北方的

south 南方    southern  南方的

east  东方    eastern    东方的

fujiang is in the southeast of china . 福建在中国的东南部。

14、what’s more  而且

15、serve sth  提供某食物     serve sb 为某人服务  不用 serve for sb

16、enough + 名词    形容词+enough

enough money 足够多的钱     big enough   足够大

17、invite sb to somewhere 邀请某人去某处

invite sb to do sth  邀请某人做某事

18、never mind = it doesn’t matter  没关系

19、what a pity  太遗憾了

feel pity for sb = have pity on sb  同情某人

i pity you 。我可怜你。

20、later on 在过些时候

he will call me up later on 。过些时候他会给我打电话。

later on  后来  (用于过去时中)

一段时间 + later    、之后       two  days  later 两天之后

sooner or later 迟早       see you later   一会儿

half an hour later  半个小时后

21、in + 一段时间   (用在将来时句子中

22、 we hope they could make it successful. 我们希望他们能够成功。

(句子中的could 不能换成can)


1)may i speak to tom ? 叫tom 接电话,好吗?

2)i’d like speak to tom . 我想让tom接电话。

3)i’ll call back later. 我再过些时候再回电话。

4)this is tom speaking. 我是tom。

5)i can’t hear you . 我没听清楚。

6)hold the line ./  hold on , please. 请稍等。

7)the line is bad/busy. 线路坏了。

8)i couldn’t get through. 我打不通。

24、try to do sth. 试图做某事。   try doing sth   试着干某事

25、be pleased to do sth  高兴做某事

be pleased with sth  对、满意

26、keep up  使某物保持     keep up the good work。继续好好干。

keep doing sth  一直做某事 (表示动作的持续)

keep on doing sth (表示动作的反复)

keep sb / sth doing sth  让某人/持续做某事 让某事持续进行

keep out  不让人入内

keep up with  跟上

27、in order (not) to do sth        in order that + 句子 = so that + 句子

28、supply sb with sth = supply sth to sb  给某人提供某物

29、一些  little / a little +不可数名词    few / a few +可数名词

little、few 用于否定句   a little、a few 用于肯定句

30、喜爱 enjoy (具有满足感)、be fond of (对、感兴趣)

go in for  (习惯于)

31、what he needs is a good meal. 他所需要的是一顿美餐。

32、win 赢得   beat  打败

topic   2



proud of,well done,cut up,be tired of,pour...over,help oneself to,table , manners,

at the table,on sb.’s lap,start with,in one’s right hand,around the world,pick up:,at

the same time

2.语法:    (1)宾语从句(whether与if的用法)。(2)不定式作主语。

3.重点句型:(1)i"m glad that you are trying to help others. (2)it"s very kind of you.

(3)well done!    (4)cooking is fun!     (5)could you tell me how to make it?

(6)would you mind if i learn to make it from you?  (7)there’s no need.

(8)when you sit down at the table,take your napkin and put it on your lap.

(9)the dinner always starts with a small dish.

(10)maybe you don’t know whether it"s polite or not to speak loudly at the table.

(11)remember not to drink too much.

(12)if you can’t remember these rules,just do as other people do.

(13)people around the world have different eating habits.

(14)do you know if people in the south of china eat noodles?


1、help others  帮助别人

2、be proud of = take pride in  因、而自豪

3、kind   adj。善良的   be kind to sb    对某人友好     n. 意为“种类”。

a kind of  一种    many kinds of 许多种  all kinds of 各种各样的

different kinds of 不同种类的   of a kind 同一种类的


topic     3


worth.effort。realize,on sale,kind—hearted,take order,soft drink,main course,

be healthy,healthy eating,balanced diet

2.语法:  (1)副词的比较级和最高级。  (2)继续学习宾语从句。


(1)i hope everyone has a wonderful time!

(2)many different delicious foods are on sale,such as fried rice,meat pie,and indian curries.

(3)we’ll try to satisfy all the guests.    (4)the students are so kind—hearted.

(5)enjoy yourselves!    (6)here is a table for two.    (7)may i take your order?

(8)may i have the bill?  (9)here’s your change. ( 10)could i order the meal by phone?

(11)i"ll e—mail you one.    (12)we’ll send the food to you in twenty minutes•

(13)and i think you will be happier than all the students.

(14)i don"t think i can eat it very neatly!   (15)michael cuts more finely than she/her。

(16)also,we should never eat too much or too little.

(17)second,it"s very important for us to keep a balanced diet。

(18)it"s said that half of all students don"t have a regular breakfast or don"t eat anything at all in the morning.  。

(19)finally,we must realize that we should eat not only our favorite food but  also healthy food.

(20)not all students have a regular breakfast.

(21)the more regularly we eat,the healthier we are.

unit 7  topic3

1. have a wonderful / good/ nice / time = enjoy oneself 意为“过得愉快,玩得开心”。

have a good journey 旅途愉快

have an accident 出事故

have a drink of orange 喝杯橘子汁

have a fight with 和(某人)打架(战斗)

have a fire 生火

have nothing to do with 和…无关

have a look at 看一看

have no idea 不知道

have a word with sb. 和某人说句话

2. hope 和 wish 的连系与区别

hope 一般侧重于表达有可能实现的愿望,故常译为“希望”。

wish 一般侧重于表达不大可能实现或根本不考虑是否可能实现的愿望,故常译为“但愿”。


1) 表示“想”、“希望”时,均接不定式做宾语。如:

i hope (wish)to come tomorrow。我希望(但愿)明天能来。

2)均可与 for 连用。如:

let’s hope for the best。让我们尽量往好处想。

he wishes for a dictionary。他想得到一本词典。


1) hope 和 wish均可接宾语从句。wish常用虚拟语气,表示一种无法实现的或不真实的愿望;而hope 用陈述语气,表示很有把握实现或得到。如:

i wish i were bird 。但愿我是一只鸟。

i hope she won’t come together 。我不希望她今晚来。

2)wish 后通常接“宾语+不定式(宾补)”,而hope 不行,如:

my parents wish (不用hope)me to grew up quickly 。我父母希望我快快长大。

3) wish 可接双宾语,表示“祝愿”,而hope 不能。如:

i wish (不用hope)you well and happy。我祝你健康幸福。

4)作简略回答时,hope 后可用替代词so 或not ,而wish 不能。如:

——will it be fine tomorrow?明天会是晴天吗?——i hope so。我希望是(晴天)。

——can we be late for class ?我们上课会迟到吗?——i hope not 。我想不会。

3. (1)on sale 意为“出售,上市”

the new model will be on sale next month 。新款下月上市。

(2)such as …表示例举;for example …表示举例说明,常用逗号隔开。如:

i like drinks such as tea and soda。我喜欢诸如茶和汽水之类的饮料。

for example ,john has the same opinion 。比如约翰就有相同的看法。

4. (1)satisfy 是及物动词,表示“使….满意”。如:

the answer won’t satisfy her。 那个答案不会使她满意的。

(2)be satisfied with 对…感到满意。如:

she is satisfied with her son’s progress 。 她对儿子的进步感到满意。

5. (1)a table for tow 意为“一张两人桌”。

(2)这句是倒装句,其结构为“副词here /there / now / then等+come / go / be等动词的一般现在时+名词”。

6. order的用法

1) 作不可数名词时,常与in 连用,意为“整齐;顺序;有条理”。

in the right (wrong)order 整齐有序(零乱无章)

in good (bad)order 整齐(不整齐)

2) 作可数名词时,常与for 连用,意为“定购;订货;定货单”。

he placed an order for ten boxes of apples。 他定购了10箱苹果。

3) 作动词时,意为“定购;点(菜等)”。

could i order the meal by phone?我可以通过电话订餐吗?

4) 词组或短语:

keep order 维持秩序    in order 整齐,有条理   in order to …为了…,以便…

out of order 不整齐,无秩序

7. smell 动词,意为“闻起来”,用作系动词,后面跟形容词。

类似的单词有:look (用眼睛)看上去….;feel (用心或手脚)感到….,觉得;taste (用嘴巴)尝起来…;sound (用耳朵)听起来…。还有get ,turn, become 等。这类词大部分兼有动词与系动词的作用。如:

you look very nice 。 你看上去很漂亮。

8. have the bill 意为“付账”。类似的词组有: get/ play the bill

9. change 不可数名词,意为“(找回的)零钱,找头”。

he gave me two dollars change。他找给我2美元。

change 的用法:


i’m going to make some changes in this room 。我打算在这个房间里做些变动。


she has changed the mind。她已经改变主意了。

10.常见的合成词:short-sighted 近视的,眼光短浅的;short-handed 人手短缺的;

light-hearted 心情轻松的;narrow-minded 心胸狭窄的;cold-blooded 冷血的;

deep-seated 牢固的;good-tempered 脾气好的;old-fashioned 老式的。

11.hold the festival 举行美食节;hold a meeting 举行会议;hold on 继续;抓住不放;(打电话)不挂断;hold one’s breath屏息,不出声;hold one’s head high 趾高气扬;hold out 伸出;提供;hold with 赞同;赞成;

12. send to …把…送到…;send for 派人去请; send sb. in 派某人去(应付困难局面);

send up 发射;发出;把…送上去。

2)in + 一段时间,意为多久之后,用于将来时。

词组:in a minute 一会儿,立刻 ;in a short while 不久;in a hurry 匆匆忙忙;in danger 在危急中;in front 在前面;in front of 在…..的前面;in full 全部的;in line 排成一行;

in public 当众;公开地;in surprise 惊奇地;in time 及时;in the end 最后;in the open air 在户外;in trouble 处在困难中

13. the results were worth the effort 付出总有回报;

well 进展顺利;go ahead 开始,继续;go back 返回,追溯到;go by 经过(时间,地点);go down 下降,降低;go on 发生,继续;go out 出去,离家;go over 查看,仔细检查;go through 经受,经历;

15.1)be worth sth. 值…钱,相当于….的价值;

2) be worth doing sth. 值得做某事;


1.规则变化:1).单音节词和少数双音节词①. 一般情况在词尾加-er ,-est 如:

hard  harder  hardest            fast  faster  fastest

②. 以字母e 结尾的,只加-r  ,-st  如:late  later  latest

③. 以辅音字母加y 结尾的,先改y 为i ,再加 – er ,-est 如:early  earlier earliest

2)多音节和部分双音节词,在词前加 more most 如:quickly  more quickly  most quickly             slowly   more slowly   most slowly

注意:由形容词通过加后缀-ly 派生出来的副词的比较级和最高级加 more most 。

2.不规则变化:如:well  better best              far  further  furthest

17. (1)副词原级的用法:甲+谓语(行为动词)+as+副词的原级+as +乙

tom studies as hard as jim 汤姆和吉姆学习一样努力。

(2)副词比较级的用法:甲+谓语(行为动词)+副词的比较级+than +乙

lily wrote more carefully than lucy  莉莉写得比露西更认真

a. 副词的比较级前也可以用:even, still ,a lot,far ,much , a little,等副词修饰。  liping ran much faster than liming 。李平比李明跑的快得多。

b. 表示“越…越….”时用“the +副词比较级,the +形(副)词比较级”

the more regularly we eat ,the healthier we are。我们吃的越有规律,我们就越健康。

(3) 副词最高级的用法:主语+谓语(行为动词)+副词的最高级+in/of范围。

kangkang cuts the most finely (of all).康康切的最精细。

(4)副词最高级转换成比较级时,被比较的对象应用“any other +单数名词”或“the other +复数名词”,排除主语本身。如:mark works hardest in his class。马克在班上学习最刻苦。

mark works harder than any other student in his class。马克在班上学习最刻苦。

mark works harder than the other students in his class。马克比他班上其他学生学习刻苦。

18. better late than never 迟到总比不来的好

it is never too late to mend 改过不嫌晚

19. too much 太多,修饰不可数名词,反义词组为too little 太少。

he ate too much food 。他吃得太多。

too many 太多,修饰可数名词。

20. it is said that … 意为据说或听说….

it 代替that 从句,it 在这里是形式主语,无词义。

it is known that … 众所周知…;it is reported that 据报道;it is believed that 人人都相信;it is though that 人们认为

21. not 与all ,everything ,everyone ,everybody ,both 引导词连用时,表示部分否定,而非全否定。

若表示全否定,则可用none ,nothing ,no one ,nobody ,neither 等。

Environment教案 篇二

unit 2 the environment教案


1. 按照我们一贯的程序             follow our usual schedule

2.被工业污染破坏                  be damaged by industrial waste

3.进入大气中                      go into the atmosphere

4.消灭,摧毁                      wipe out


catch large numbers of fish without giving them time to lay eggs

6.需要更多的土地来居住            need more land to live on

7.变成一个大问题                  turn into a big problem

8.环保的生活方式                  environmentally friendly ways of living


be very concerned about the present situation of our environment

10.滚滚烟尘                      clouds of dirty smoke

11.向河中倾倒化学废物            pour chemical waste into a river

12.逃避对环境的责任              hide from the responsibilities to the environment

13.将金钱视为敌人                regard / consider /treat / think of money as the enemy

14.对帮助双方都有利的关键        the key to helping both sides

15.征询周边人                    ask about the people around

16.人口的迅速增长                the rapid growing population/ rapid population grows

17.导致饮用水的不安全            result in unsafe drinking water


recognize/ realize the importance of protecting the yangtze river

19.正在实施中                    be under way

20.禁止渔船进入这片水域          prevent from entering this area


have a long way to go to solve all the problems

22.保护这条他们所挚爱的河流的努力 the efforts to protect this much-loved river

23.在将来会得到后人是肯定     be appreciated by future generations in the coming years

24. environmental protection        25. make space for

26. raw materials                 27. economic development

28. conflict with each other         29. the expressions needs to be changed

30. do research into               31. pick out

32. present your point of view       32. face serious environmental problems

33. do one’s part                  34. much –loved river

35. blame sb for sth=blame sth on sb  36.in particular

37. let off                        38. last but not least



1. 坚持要求被带到…            _insist on being taken to…

坚持要求做…                _ insist on doing…

2. 希望…\怀着…的希望(做状语) _ hoping / in the hope that…_

3. 结果却…(做状语)            _only to do …___________

4. 感激某人做某事              __appreciate one(‘s) doing sth

5. 有挑战的                    ___challenging___________

有回报的                    ____rewarding_____________

6. 坐在椅子上(seat的两种形式作状语)  _seated in the chair

_____seating oneself in the chair

坐在椅子上(sit作状语)        ____sitting in the chair

7. 和…相比(做状语的两种形式)    ____compared with_________

____comparing … with…

8. 正在被…的事情                ____sth being done________

已经被…的事情                ____sth done…___________

即将被…的事情                ____sth to be done________

9. 逃避被…                      ____escape being done_____

10.独立主格的形式(同时主动)          _n/pron(主格)+doing …______

独立主格的形式(同时被动)           _n/pron(主格)+done______

独立主格的形式(已经被动)           _n/pron(主格)+having been done_

独立主格的形式(已经主动)          _n/pron(主格)+having done…__

11. 从句经常省略主语和be动词的前提: __主从句的主语一致_______

12. 剩下的钱(remain)                 __the remaining money__

剩下的钱(leave)                   __the money left_________

13. 考虑到…(consider做独立状语)     __considering…__________

14. 动名词复合结构做主语形式:        __sb’s doing sth__________

动名词复合结构做宾语形式:        _ sb(’s) doing sth_____

15. 什么都没做除了做…(but)          __do nothing but do …___

别无选择只好做…(but)            __have no choice but to do…

16. allow的用法(2种)                __allow sb to do …______

__allow doing …_________

17. 花费时间被…(spend)              __spend some time done____

花费尽可能多的时间做…(spend)    __spend as much time as one could doing…

18. 容易被完成…                     __easy to finish__________

19. 似乎要做…                       __seem to do …_________

似乎正在…                       __seem to be doing…____

似乎已经…                       __seem to have done…____

20. 没有必要做…(已经发生)           __there is no need to have done…

没有必要做…(未发生)             __there is no need to do…

21. 非谓语动词的否定形式:            __not + 非谓语动词________

22. 考虑到一切(状语)                 __taking everything into cosideration

一切被考虑到(状语)               __everything taken into consideration

23. 逮到某人做…                     __catch sb doing …_____

24. 使某人做…(send)                 __send sb doing…________

送某人去做…(send)                   _send sb to do …________

25. 使他们的眼睛盯着…                __have their eyes fixed on…

眼睛盯着…                        __fix their eyes on …___

使他们的注意力集中于…            __have their attention focused on…

集中注意力与…                    __focus their attention on…

三。 请背诵和保存:

a.  后接动名词的动词

admit 承认 / advise 建议 / allow 允许 / appreciate 感激 / avoid 避免 / consider 考虑 / delay 推迟 / deny 否认 / discuss 讨论 / dislike 不喜欢 / enjoy 喜爱 / escape 逃脱 / excuse 原谅 / fancy 设想 / finish 完成 / forbid 禁止 / forgive 原谅 / imagine 想像 / keep 保持 / mention 提及 / mind 介意 / miss 没赶上 / pardon 原谅 / permit 允许 / practise 练习 / prevent 阻止 / prohibit 禁止 / put off 推迟 / report 报告 / risk 冒险 / stop 停止 / suggest 建议 / carry on 继续 / can’t help 禁不住 / feel like 想要 / give up 放弃 / keep on 继续 / put off 推迟 / set about 开始,着手 / object to 反对 / insist on 坚持 / pay attention to 注意 / stick to 坚持 / get down to 开始认真做 / look forwards to 期盼 / be [get] used to 习惯于 / lead to 导致 / be devoted to 致力于,专用于,

b. 后接不定式作宾语的动词

afford 负担得起 / arrange 安排 / ask 要求 / care 想要 / choose 决定 / decide 决定 / demand 要求 / determine 决心 / expect 期待,预计 / help 帮助 / hesitate 犹豫 / hope 希望 / long 渴望 / manage 渴望设法 / offer 主动提出 / plan 计划 / prepare 准备 / pretend 假装 / promise 答应 / refuse 拒绝 / want 想要 / wish 希望,



这类动词常见的有:like 喜欢 / love 喜欢 / hate 憎恨 / prefer 宁可 / begin 开始 / start 开始 / continue 继续 / can’t bear 不能忍受 / bother 麻烦 / intend 想要 / attempt 试图 /等。

二、 既可接动名词也可接不定式作宾语但意义不同的动词

forget, remember, regret 后接不定式或动名词含义不同后接不定式或动名词含义不同

动词 forget, remember, regret 等接不定式时,表示非谓语动词的动作发生于谓语动词的动作之后;接动名词作宾语时,表示非谓语动词的动作发生于谓语动词的动作之前。


动词 mean 接不定式作宾语时,表示一种意图,意思是“打算做,想要做”;接动名词作宾语时,表示解释,意思是“意味着,意思是”。如:”i didn’t mean to bother you. 我本不想打扰你。what he said means going there by air. 他的话的意思是坐飞机去那儿。


try 接不定式作宾语时,表示一种决心,意思是“设法做,尽力做”;接动名词作宾语时,表示尝试,意思是“试着做”。如:i’ll try to catch up with my class. 我将尽力赶上同学们。i tried reading the text without consulting my dictionary. 我试着不查词典来阅读课文。

五、need, require, want, deserve后接不定式或动名词语态不同

need, require, want, 等表示“需要”的动词后另一动词作宾语时,该动词用不定式或动名词均可,但是其语态不同,即动名词用主动形式表示被动意义,而不定式则用被动形式表示被动意义。如:the flowers need watering every day. = the flowers need to be watered every day. 花儿需要每天浇水。注意:若 need, require, want后接动词为句子主语所发出的动作,则只能用不定式,不能用动名词。如:i need to water the flowers every day. 我需要每天给花浇水。

六、can’t help后接不定式或动名词含义不同

can’t help 后接不定式时,意思是“不能帮忙做某事”;接动名词作宾语时,意思是“禁不住做某事,情不自禁做某事”。如:i’m very busy now, so i can’t help (to) clean the room. 我现在很忙,因此不能帮助打扫房间。the girl couldn’t help crying when she saw her mother again. 当小女孩再次看到母亲时,她情不自禁地哭了起来。说明:以下两个动词后接不定式或动名词(不一定是用作宾语)意思也不同:go on to do sth (做完某事后)继续做另一事) (不定式作状语)go on doing 继续做一直在做的事 (动名词作状语)stop to do sth 停下正在做的事以便去做另一事 (不定式作状语)stop doing sth) 停做正在做的事 (动名词作宾语)


如ask, demand(要求), plan, intend, mean(计划), manage, do / try one’s best, make an attempt, (努力), learn(学习), wish, hope, desire, expect, long, want, would like, should like, would prefer, wish,希望、愿意), agree, promise(同意), decide, determine, choose, make a decision, make up one’s mind(决定), offer(主动提出), apply(申请), help(帮助), fail(不能、没有), prepare(准备), pretend(假装), refuse(拒绝), happen(碰巧), afford(负担得起)等。

Environment教案 篇三

teaching plan for grammar and usage

teaching  aims

1.       help ss understand verbing form as an adjective or adverb

2.       master a verb-ing as attributive, predicative, object complement ect.

teaching difficult points

1.        how to use verb-ing form as an adjective or adverb

2.        how to use verb-ing phrases

teaching steps;

step1  lead-in

1.       the children stopped____as the teacher came in

a.talk     b.to talk   c.talking   d.talked

2.  if  he can stop them ____there ,i will do it

a.go       b.to go    c.gone    d.going

3.  he is quite used _____in all sorts of weather

a.fly       b.to fly    c.to flying  d.to flied

4.  doctor bethune went on_____throughtout the night

a.work      b.worked    c.to work  d.working

5.   your shoes are dirty .they need____badly

a.wash      b.washed     c.to wash   d.washing

step2  1.verb-ing form as an adjective or adverb


it is a very moving film and it is well worth seeing

canada is an english-speaking country

the girl sitting in the corner is my best friend.


your journey in kerya is really exciting

what you did was disappointing.

*object complement

we find the journey to america exciting.

i heard someone playing the violin in the next room.

注:在see hear watch feel notice等动词后,用现在分词构成的复合宾语,表示动作正在进行。而动词原形则表示动作的全过程,即动作已结束。

we saw the teacher making the experiment.

isaw the girl get into the car and drive off.

2.a verb-ing can be used after verbs like stand,sit,lie .these two action are happening at the same time.

they stood talking to each other .

they stood when they were talking to each other.

3.a verb-ing has a perfect form , eg having worked,

having worked side by side with many environmentalists,i know that a healthy environment and stable economy should be possible at the same time.

step 3. practise. p29 a and b

homework: 1. review verb-ing form as an adjective

2. finish the exercise

verb-ing phrases

teaching steps;

step 1: lead-in

1.-------full preparations, we decided to put off the meeting till next week.

a.we did not make  b.having not make c we had not made d.not having made

2.european football is played in 80 countries,-------it the most popular sport in the world.

a.making   b makes   c made    dto made

3.-------what the situation would be like ,they decided to keep silent.

a. having not know b knowing not c.not know  d.not knowing

step 2 verb-ing  phrases

1.       verb-ing phrases can express


seeing the big snake ,the girl was almost frightended to death.

=when she saw the big snake,………


being a student,i must work hard.

=because i am a student, i must work hard.


the factory keeps releasing smoke,making the air dirty.

=the factory keeps releasing smoke.as a result ,the air is made dirty.


preparing  fully, we can achieve great things

=if we prepare fully, we can ….

2.       we can also use the pattern conjunction+verb-ing to express time.the common conjunctions are when,whenever,while,once,and until.

we have to take environmental protection into consideration when developing the economy.

3.       the understood subject of a verb-ing clause is usually the same as the subject of the main clause

he travelled on the plane like this, keeping the tortoise hidden in a blanket.

=when he travelled on the plane like this , he kept the tortoise hidden in a blanket.

4.       we put not before the verb-ing to create its negative form

he sat there, not knowing what to say.

step 3. practise   p31

step 4  exercise:

homework: 1.review verb-ing phrases

2.       finish the exercise

Environment教案 篇四

unit 2 the environment


teaching aims 1.help ss learn and use english by doing a project.

2. encourage ss to use they have learnt to complete a project.

teaching important points  help ss how to plan and do research for the report.

teaching difficult points

help ss how to cooperate each part of work together.

teaching methods


2.teacher & students’ interaction.

3.multimedia way.

teaching aids 1. the multimedia.

2. the blackboard.

teaching procedures:

step 1  lead-in

show some pictures of the yangtze river and tell ss the purpose of the class.

step 2 learning the text

1)  divide ss into groups and ask them to read their assigned paragraph and report the main idea of the if to the class.

p1 the environmental problems of the yangtze river have raised concern.

p2 many people have recognized the importance of protecting the yangtze river and many environmental organizations and projects have been set up.

p3 two special government projects are under way to protect the river. one is the water and soil preservation project.

p4 the second project is a nature reserve for white-flag dolphins.

p5  the environmental situation of the yangtze river is improving.

2) encourage ss in other groups to raise as many questions as possible.

3) ask ss to read the report carefully and answer the questions.

4) ask ss to form into groups and discuss the following questions.

a.why have the environmental problems of the yangtze river raised concern both nationally and internationally?

b.what does the green river organization do?

c.what problems do the two government projects focus on?

d.what did farmers have to do under the water and soil preservation project?

e. what does the second project concern?

extension questions:

f. do you think the environmental situation of the yangtze river is getting better? why?

g. what else can we do to protect the yangtze river?

5) ask ss to read the article again and analyse the structure of it.

6) ask ss to do close test.

7) have ss do part b1 & b2, d1 & d2.

step 3 writing a report


● work in small groups. discuss what you read on the previous page, briefly discuss the questions below and then decide on a topic for your report. have it approved by your teacher.

what do you think are the biggest environmental problems in china?

the topic for your report will be ___________________________.

● discuss the tasks listed below and decide which group members will be responsible for each task. write the names beside the work each member is going to do. (remember, two or three people can work on the same task!)

research __________________________________________________

write the outline ____________________________________________

write the report ____________________________________________


● members responsible for doing research need to find information from various sources on the topic you have chosen. the group should discuss the information found, and decide what to increase include in the report and what to leave out.

● those responsible for writing the outline should organize the information the group has decided to use and write an outline for the report using that information. the outline should be approved by the whole group.


● group members who are writing the report will have to write it based on the outline.

● all group members should edit the report before it is passed on to another group for editing. your group will be editing another group’s report at the same time.

● while editing, you should read the report closely and look for the following:

sentence structure  organization    punctuation

vocabulary   grammar  spelling

● during the editing stage, correct any mistakes you find and offer suggestions to the group on how they can improve their report. ask for comments on your report as well.


● the report should be written and checked once more for mistakes.

● present your report to the class.

● put your report up on the display wall of your classroom for everyone to see.


● reading for information?

● presenting your point of view?

● reading a report about environmental protection?

● writing a report?

if you are not confident about some of the items above, make an action plan so you can improve on them.


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